Standards and Regulations

International Standards and regulations


Founded in 1947 ISO is the International Organisation for Standardisation and is the world´s leading developer of international standards. ISO is composed of National Standards Bodies, such as ANSI (American National Standards Institute) of the USA and BSI (British Standards Institute) of the UK. These National standards bodies represent manufacturers, users and regulatory agencies in each country. ISO has published the primary technical standards for RFID(radio frequency identification). These standards are designed for use worldwide. Many organisations creating ´new´ standards for RFID base those standards on existing ISO/IEC standards and then enhance or modify them to meet their own particular requirements.


The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a leading global organisation that prepares and publishes international standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies (including RFID).


EPCGlobal is a relatively new global standards system set up by GS1 that combines RFID technology, existing communications network infrastructure and the Electronic Product Code (a number for uniquely identifying an item) to enable immediate and automatic identification and tracking of an item through the whole supply chain globally, resulting in improved efficiency and visibility of the supply chain.


This is the Association for Automatic Indentification and Mobility . AIM is a trade association concerned with the use and promotion of automatic data collection systems. This would include both barcodes and RFID.


GS1 (Global Standards 1) is made up of EAN (Electronic Article Numbering Association) and the UCC (Uniform Code Council). It´s objective is to improve efficiency and visibility in supply and demand chains both globally and across sectors

Standards and regulations in Europe


This is the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations. The CEPT has established three committees, one on postal matters, CERP (Comité européen de Réglementation Postale) and two on telecommunications issues: ECC (European Communications Committee) and ECTRA (European Committee for Regulatory Telecommunications Affairs). CEPT currently has 45 member countries and covers almost the entire geographical area of Europe.


The European Radiocommunications Office (ERO) is the permanent office that supports the Electronic Communications Committee (ECC). The ECC is the telecommunications regulation committee for the European conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT). The ECC´s objective is to consider and develop radiocommunications policy in the CEPT member countries taking account of European and International legislation and regulations.


Another regulatory agency in Europe responsible for RFID standards is ETSI the European Telecommunications Standards Institute. Many of the ETSI standards are adopted by the European Union as European Norms. The European Norms have the prefix EN. ETSI was created in 1988 by CEPT (see above). ETSI standards relevant to RFID operation in the UHF bands are defined in EN300220 and EN302208

Standards and regulations in North America


The Federal Communications Commission(FCC) is the regulatory authority of the US Government and is charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable. The FCC issues standards that apply to RFID technologies include RS-232, RS-422 and RS-485 communications protocol of FCC Part 15 for RF transmissions.